Healthy Soils

A Healthy Farm Starts with Healthy Soils

Soil is the very foundation of life on farms. The U.S. Department of Agriculture calls it “a living and life-giving substance.” More than just dirt – it is a complex mixture of minerals, organic material and nutrients. Fertile, healthy soil is vital to grow the wholesome farm foods we depend on. Soil is also incredibly important to climate change – healthy soils capture carbon and prevent it from reaching the atmosphere and contributing to the greenhouse gas effect that is warming our planet.

Much like we must tend to our own personal health if we hope to lead long, fulfilling lives, we must also tend to the health of our soil to preserve and protect it now and in the future. Many factors can damage our farm soil, such as harsh chemicals or over-tilling.

During the 2017 General Assembly Session, Maryland passed first-of-its kind legislation to incentivize farming practices that contribute to healthy soils. The legislation defined “healthy soils” as the continuing capacity of soil to:

  • function as a biological system
  • increase soil organic matter
  • improve soil structure and water and nutrient holding capacity; and
  • sequester carbon and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The new Maryland Healthy Soils Program, supported by the state Department of Agriculture, is charged with providing these incentives, such as education, technical assistance and funding, to farmers in order to help them implement farm management practices that contribute to healthy soils and capture carbon.

Fair Farms advocated strongly for the legislation and celebrated the bill’s passage. But, there’s more work to be done. There is no funding allocated for the program and it does not yet have a clear directive. Fair Farms is committed to staying engaged with our partners to bring the vision of this legislation to reality and work with state agencies on this exciting new program.

For Maryland to truly protect our vital farm soils and combat climate change, we must ensure that we incentive proven practices that are sustainable and meaningful. This is why Fair Farms is part of a new collaborative project the Million Acre Challenge.

Projects & Priorities

Latest Posts

  • Take Action: Fund the Maryland Healthy Soils ProgramTake Action: Fund the Maryland Healthy Soils Program
    Take Action to fund the Maryland Healthy Soils Program (HB8)! This important bill, sponsored by Del. Krimm, would allow Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) funds to be used for the currently-unfunded Maryland Healthy Soils Program, encouraging and supporting farmers in their journey to build soil health. Benefits of healthy soils on Maryland’s farmland: Increases farm resilience and ...
  • Fair Farms Legislative Priorities for 2021Fair Farms Legislative Priorities for 2021
    With a new year comes new priorities for the Fair Farms campaign to focus on in the Maryland state legislature. With 2020 being particularly challenging, we hope that 2021 will give us the opportunity to pass legislation that can mitigate shortcomings in our food system that were brought to light last year. We hope that you ...
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    Written by Morgan Johnson, Staff Attorney “Buy land—they aren’t making it anymore.” These words from Mark Twain underscore a concept that tenant farmers are well aware of—land is scarce. Scarcity drives up costs, and presents an imbalance in the power to choose what, when, and how changes may be made to farmland. Roughly 64% of all ...
  • Take the Pledge for Healthy Soil!Take the Pledge for Healthy Soil!
    Written by Nicole Oveisi, Fair Farms Intern Waterkeepers Chesapeake’s Clear Choices Clean Water campaign added a new pledge on healthy soils to emphasize the importance of soil health and how integral soil is to food production, water sources, and the climate and environment in general. Here at Fair Farms, we’re excited about this new pledge that ...
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    Written by Lisa Orr, Mountainside Enrichment & Education Does the smell of a newly mown lawn conjure up fond memories of spring fever, backyard games and barbeques? Let’s take a closer look at the facts behind lawn maintenance — a regular chore that takes 54 million Americans about three billion hours each year to complete! In the Chesapeake Bay ...


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